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Columbia Personal Injury Attorney > Blog > General > What Causes Traumatic Brain Injuries?

What Causes Traumatic Brain Injuries?


Every year, various kinds of TBIs send hundreds of thousands of Americans to the emergency room. Almost 70,000 of these people either don’t make it home or die sometime later. These injuries are progressive. Initial symptoms include disorientation and mild headaches. Later, the symptoms include severe headaches and personality changes. At that point, death is just around the corner. Sometimes this process takes a few minutes and sometimes it takes a few years.

No matter how long after an accident or other incident a head injury becomes apparent, a Columbia brain injury attorney can obtain the compensation these victims need, to fight their illnesses, and deserve, so they can move forward with their lives. Lifelong brain injury medical costs and other economic losses often run into the millions of dollars. Therefore, compensation in a brain injury case is often substantial.

Car Wrecks

Vehicle collisions are, by far, the leading cause of TBIs in South Carolina. That’s because car wrecks combine all three common TBI causes, which are:

  • Blunt Force: Seatbelts and airbags absorb some of the force in a car crash, but certainly not all the force. Airbags are a good example. Placing a pillow over a brick wall and slamming one’s head against that pillow at 60mph simulates the effect of hitting an airbag-protected dashboard or steering column.
  • Extreme Motion: Sometimes, car crash victims sustain head injuries before their heads touch a solid surface. The skull is basically a water tank that suspends the brain in cerebrospinal fluid. Sudden motion causes the brain to slam against the skull. That causes brain bleeding and swelling.
  • Loud Noise: The explosion-like sound of a car wreck produces shock waves that disrupt brain functions. These disruptions often don’t include signature symptoms, like unconsciousness, making them difficult to diagnose.

If negligence, or a lack of care, causes a car crash, a Columbia personal injury attorney can obtain compensation. Usually, these claims settle out of court, and on victim-friendly terms.


These incidents usually involve two of the three brain injury cases mentioned above. The force in a fall is nowhere near as great as the force in a car wreck. However, fall victims have no seatbelts, airbags, or other restraint systems to protect them.

In South Carolina, property owners are financially responsible for fall injury damages if they had a duty of care and knew about, or should have known about, the wet spot, large sidewalk crack, or other injury-causing hazard.

Most victims have permission to be on the property and benefit the owner, financially or nonfinancially. Because of this close relationship, property owners generally have a duty of reasonable care. They must promptly address injury hazards. Warning people about these hazards (e.g. putting up a “Caution Wet Floor” sign) buys owners some time, but doesn’t fulfill their duty of care.

In fact, erecting such a sign is conclusive proof that the owner knew about the hazard. Other direct evidence includes restroom cleaning reports and safety surveys. The time-notice rule usually applies in constructive knowledge (should have known) cases. Hazards more than a few minutes old should not be unaddressed.

Count on a Diligent Richland County Lawyer

Injury victims are entitled to significant compensation. For a free consultation with an experienced personal injury lawyer in Columbia, contact the Marc Brown Law Firm. The sooner you reach out to us, the sooner we start fighting for you.


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Car Accidents

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Trucking Accidents

Attorney Marc Brown is a knowledgeable truck accident lawyer. We can help you when you need it most.

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Experiencing the death of a loved one is a difficult and emotional time. It can also be financially devastating. Let us help!

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Marc Brown

Marc Brown Law Firm

Meet Attorney Marc Brown

Marc Brown is an experienced personal injury and civil rights attorney serving clients throughout South Carolina and Georgia. Marc is motivated by the challenge of helping his clients solve their complex legal issues, and most importantly, he obtains favorable results. He is a caring and conscientious attorney who brings the experience and resources of a larger firm to his smaller, more personalized practices in Sumter and Columbia, SC.

A Personable & Dedicated South Carolina Attorney

As someone who has always had a keen sense of right and wrong and a desire to achieve excellence and fairness in all things, pursuing law was a natural career choice. After graduating with honors from the prestigious Emory University School of Law, Marc went on to become a dedicated litigator who focuses on personal injury, workers’ compensation, and criminal defense cases.

Why Choose Us?

Choosing an attorney is a very important decision, but it can be difficult. When you choose the Marc Brown Law Firm, we do everything we can to keep you informed, put your needs first, and to make sure justice is served. Here are just a few reasons to choose us:

The Right Experience

Attorney Marc Brown has experience that matters. Prior to opening this law firm, Marc spent nearly a half a decade defending big insurance companies and large corporations in personal injury and commercial litigation matters across the United States. Marc knows exactly how insurance companies and corporations evaluate claims and what they look at when deciding to increase the amount they are willing to pay. He thinks outside the box to find additional or hidden opportunities for favorable results.

We’ll Come To You

After being injured in a serious accident, you need to focus on getting better. Serious accidents can be hard on an individual, physically and emotionally. The Marc Brown Law Firm is dedicated to fight for you while you recover. If you are unable to travel to our office for any reason, we will personally visit you! Just give us a call to talk whenever you may be in need of assistance. We’re here to help.

Clients First

At the Marc Brown Law Firm, we choose to put our clients first. Our clients are more than just a case number. We think of each of our clients as extended members of the family. We make sure to inform our clients of all their legal options and provide timely updates throughout the life their case.

24/7 Availability

We are available around the clock for our clients. If at any point we are unavailable, we promise to promptly respond to all messages within hours.


We work hard so that our clients receive the justice they deserve! When necessary, Attorney Marc Brown retains investigators, engineers, and other experts to help prove your case. Insurance companies are big, but Marc is experienced and resourceful. We fight for each of our clients so that you can receive the maximum compensation available to you.

No Fees Unless We Win

We work on a contingency fee basis, which means there are no upfront cost to clients. You only pay lawyer fees when we win your case. This also means that your attorney is only paid a percentage of what is recovered for you. The Marc Brown Law Firm has a vested interest in ensuring that each of our clients receive the maximum recovery available to them. We are determined to fight tirelessly to recover for you.

Marc Brown and The National Trial Lawyers Top 40 Under 40 award